Caput Succedaneum: Symptoms and Treatment Best Explained (2020)

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Caput succedaneum

What is Caput succedaneum?


The original meaning that caput succedaneum represents is “swelling of infant’s skull occurring right after the delivery.

In this condition, the newborn develops an inflammation that is respectively situated around the skull area, which primarily occurs during the birthing process.

Although this condition is not harmful or dangerous, it is vital to keep a keen eye on the infant if he or she is suffering from it for any infections or risks for developing jaundice. 

Most of all, it is essential to know that caput succedaneum and cephalohematoma are not the same. They are indeed very different terms and conditions as well.

While in caput succedaneum the skull inflammation occurs and a soft lump is formed which results in some dimple formation if pressed and is not harmful or life-threatening, on the contrary, the condition cephalohematoma is an entirely different condition in which there is bleeding in the skull but is also not a fatal disease or condition but comparatively could be at higher risk if ignored severely. 

Cephalohematoma and caput succedaneum is not the same condition, and anyone needs to know the difference between them.

Though both of them do share some common aspects like both occurs shortly after the delivery of the baby, and both of them are usually noticed to go away on its own in a certain period that is not harmful or life-threatening. 

Basically, cephalohematoma is generally caused by a traumatic experience in which the blood vessels inside the infant’s skulls ruptures, leading to bleeding underneath the head. Cephalohematoma does not put the brain cells in danger.

Unnecessary pooling is called. The pooling of blood from damaged blood vessels and inner layers of the skin takes place and is usually harmless. However, these two conditions are not the same, but it was essential to know the difference between both. 

Why Does Caput Succedaneum Occurs? 

As discussed before, caput succedaneum causes are usually quite reasonable and pretty harmless. Still, considering the condition involving a newborn, it is indeed wise to get a better idea regarding this matter. These four issues commonly cause caput succedaneum;

The first one is; the relatively prolonged pressure on vaginal walls during the labor, which is initially exerted on a baby’s skull due to which the newborn may come later to the delivery may develop caput succedaneum, which is swelling of the head or having a soft bump.

The second one could be; usually, when a woman is tired of labor, doctors are obliged to use forceps and birthing vacuum to help the mother deliver the baby safely. However, using a vacuum during the delivery is perfectly safe and harmless, but it could be playing a role for the baby to develop caput succedaneum shortly after birth.

The third reason to notice is; the repeated pressure on the cervix or walls during the delivery caused by a woman to deliver their baby safely could be another reason why the baby grows a lump or a soft swelling on his/her skull.

The last most common reason could be; when the amniotic sac membranes rupture early in labor, which causes pressure on the baby’s head, consequently to caput succedaneum.

This condition is harmless and is not that serious of a problem. One way to not confuse captures succedaneum and cephalohematoma are to know that in caput succedaneum, the swelling on the head is soft, which means, if you press the swollen skull, it forms a dimple on it.

 What Are Its Symptoms?

Caput succedaneum symptoms are usually self-explanatory ones, but the most common sign and the prominent manifestation of this is puffiness under the skin of the scalp, which on touch is swollen and soft and will result in a dimple like formation if pressed on it. 

Another symptom could be some color changing in the scalp. Moreover, if you see a bruise on your new head and some color changing, then that is also one of the symptoms of caput succedaneum.

Furthermore, the swelling of the infant’s scalp from the midline to stature lines could be considered as one of the symptoms for this condition called caput succedaneum.

What more could be considered as a symptom is the increase in the molding of the scalp of the infant which might be a result of your baby having caput succedaneum.

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Treatment of Caput Succedaneum

Caput succedaneum treatment is not much of a problem as this condition is not that bad or harmless and usually goes away after some time on its own.

But to make sure your baby is safe, it is advised to get your baby checked from your child doctor and get a proper heads up regarding the situation.

Although it is not as big of an issue or a condition and goes away in a week or so on its own, the prolonged bruise and this condition could be a problem, and it could be seen as your child getting prone to jaundice or such issues. 

The disease is a medical condition in which the skin turns yellow. In this condition, there is an excess of the pigment bilirubin and is caused by liver disease, the breaking of red blood cells, etc. However, jaundice is considered normal for children.

It is still highly advised to get your child checked and get treated by a professional for no further issues, diseases, or problems.

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