Femoral Triangle | Boundaries, and Contents

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femoral triangle
femoral triangle

Femoral Triangle is (also known as Scarpa’s Triangle) is a depression below the fold of the Groin in the upper part of the thigh. In addition, The muscles and fasica’s form the medial aspect of the thigh.

At Femoral Triangle region the Pulses of Femoral Arteries can be palpated and it is located below the Inguinal Ligament at a point known as Mid Inguinal Point, Therefore it is necessary for a doctor to point out the Mid Inguinal Point.

Boundaries of Femoral Triangle:


Base: Inguinal ligament
Lateral Border: Sartorius Muscle
Medial Border: Adductor Longus Muscle
Apex: Downward & Medially
Roof: Skin, Superficial and Deep fascia
Floor: Muscles (Medial to Lateral)
Adductor Longus
Pectineus
Iliopsoas

Contents of Femoral Triangle:

Femoral Nerve
Femoral Artery
Femoral Vein, Femoral Canal
Horizontal Group of superficial Inguinal lymph Nodes
Great Saphenous Vein Joins the femoral Vein
The Mnemonic to remember the contents of Femoral Triangle: V A I N S

Read More: Gluteal Region Anatomy Key Points to Remember

Clinical Notes:

Femoral Hernia:

Femoral hernia is the protrusion of any organ or part of an organ through an opening.
Femoral Hernia is an uncommon hernia which occurs on the upper part of the thigh or groin.

Femoral hernia is a painful condition of the lump which may disappear during the lie-down and clarifies during coughing.

In Femoral Hernia the organ or part of the organ pushes the weaker portion of muscle wall into Femoral Canal, for instance, the bulging of the omentum.

Femoral Hernia mostly occurs in older women because of the wider female pelvis
On the other hand, It rarely appears in children.

So Common causes of Femoral Hernia are:

Constipation after that it will cause pressure on the femoral region causing Femoral Hernia.
Carrying heavy things causing increased pressure in the femoral region, as a result, causing Femoral Hernia.
Ultrasound confirms the femoral hernia whenever the bulging is not confirmed by examination method.
Femoral Hernia can also occur due to heavy exercise.

Treatment of Femoral Hernia:

Treatment of femoral hernia is removal with surgery.
Treatment of femoral hernia is simple

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