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Spongiotic Dermatitis and Its types


The spongiotic Dermatitis Re-Action pattern is characterized by epidermal improvements associated with the accumulation of intraepidermal edema. The resulting hydrostatic forces induce remainder of this keratinocyte showing the intercellular desmosomal attachments.

The appearance looks spongy (known as spongiotic). The epidermal shift in spongiotic dermatitis can be a more lively process that develops.

It has three phases: acute, subacute, and chronic. It should be noted that these divisions are somewhat random and only stand for a means to conceptualize the histological alterations.


Acute Spongiotic Dermatitis

This signifies the oldest phase and consequently, therefore it is the least often biopsied period. In the earliest phase, the epidermis keeps its own normal basket-weave stratum corneum.

The epidermis proper has variable levels of spongiosis that range from minimum to spongiotic microvesicles. Spongiotic microvesicles are ranges of oedema fluid from the epidermis. They form when the hydrostatic pressure from your intraepidermal edema liquid is that the intercellular junctions involving keratinocytes are also ruptured.

Clinically, this can cause the overall look of blisters. Along with the intraepidermal spongiosis, there’s ordinarily a superficial perivascular inflammatory infiltrate composed with a blend of lymphocytes, some histiocytes, and even a few eosinophils. In certain instances, a couple of neutrophils could exist. The clot is generally concentrated across the superficial vascular plexus, but also the pattern of this clot could be somewhat changeable. In comparison using an extreme infiltrate, it could get the visual appeal of a more lichenoid pattern.

There might even be a few extension of this inflammation into the mid-dermis. There is normally some exocytosis of cells to the skin, usually lymphocytes, but can be additional inflammatory. Cells as well. The shallow dermis typically demonstrates some edema at the prior stages of this process.

Subacute Spongiotic Dermatitis

One of the manners the skin responds to inflammatory insults is by proliferation. This ends in extra changes involving acanthosis (hyperplasia) and parakeratosis. In subacute spongiotic dermatitis, the skin has received enough time for you to answer this inflammatory approach.

The epidermis shows factor parakeratosis as well as acanthosis. There’s spongiosis, but it varies. There are a lot of spongiotic microvesicles but the quality of spongiosis is much lesser than acute spongiotic dermatitis. Within the gut, there Is Not as Much oedema, however, a similar pattern of swelling

Learn About: Blood Blister and its types

Chronic Spongiotic Dermatitis

In chronic spongiotic dermatitis, there is not as much spongiosis although the spongiosis is minimal to light in nature. In this phase, the reactive epidermal changes tend to be somewhat more notable.

There’s streamlined hyperkeratosis, changeable parakeratosis, thickening of this granular layer, and also more pronounced acanthosis. The shallow dermis doesn’t demonstrate signs of edema and can be slightly fibrotic. The inflammatory infiltrate Is Not as intense but otherwise composed of Exactly the Same constituent cells

Femoral Triangle | Boundaries, and Contents


Femoral Triangle is (also known as Scarpa’s Triangle) is a depression below the fold of the Groin in the upper part of the thigh. In addition, The muscles and fasica’s form the medial aspect of the thigh.

At Femoral Triangle region the Pulses of Femoral Arteries can be palpated and it is located below the Inguinal Ligament at a point known as Mid Inguinal Point, Therefore it is necessary for a doctor to point out the Mid Inguinal Point.

Boundaries of Femoral Triangle:

Base: Inguinal ligament
Lateral Border: Sartorius Muscle
Medial Border: Adductor Longus Muscle
Apex: Downward & Medially
Roof: Skin, Superficial and Deep fascia
Floor: Muscles (Medial to Lateral)
Adductor Longus

Contents of Femoral Triangle:

Femoral Nerve
Femoral Artery
Femoral Vein, Femoral Canal
Horizontal Group of superficial Inguinal lymph Nodes
Great Saphenous Vein Joins the femoral Vein
The Mnemonic to remember the contents of Femoral Triangle: V A I N S

Read More: Gluteal Region Anatomy Key Points to Remember

Clinical Notes:

Femoral Hernia:

Femoral hernia is the protrusion of any organ or part of an organ through an opening.
Femoral Hernia is an uncommon hernia which occurs on the upper part of the thigh or groin.

Femoral hernia is a painful condition of the lump which may disappear during the lie-down and clarifies during coughing.

In Femoral Hernia the organ or part of the organ pushes the weaker portion of muscle wall into Femoral Canal, for instance, the bulging of the omentum.

Femoral Hernia mostly occurs in older women because of the wider female pelvis
On the other hand, It rarely appears in children.

So Common causes of Femoral Hernia are:

Constipation after that it will cause pressure on the femoral region causing Femoral Hernia.
Carrying heavy things causing increased pressure in the femoral region, as a result, causing Femoral Hernia.
Ultrasound confirms the femoral hernia whenever the bulging is not confirmed by examination method.
Femoral Hernia can also occur due to heavy exercise.

Treatment of Femoral Hernia:

Treatment of femoral hernia is removal with surgery.
Treatment of femoral hernia is simple

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